Marianne von Werefkin
Marianne von Werefkin (born Marianna Wladimirowna Werewkina)
1860 – 1938, Russian-German-Swiss artist.
Marianne von Werefkin was born in Russia and had private drawing lessons from a young age and when she was twenty, became a pupil of the Russian painter Ilya Repin.
In 1892 she met Alexej von Jawlensky and in 1896 she and Jawlensky moved to Munich, where she founded the “Lukasbruderschaft” of which Kandinsky also became member.
In 1908 she, Jawlensky, Kandinsky and Gabriele Münter spent time at Murnau near Munich, where Gabriele Münter owned a house. The four artists frequently painted together in the open air in and around the picturesque rural town.
They also founded a new artist-group in 1909, the Neue Künstlervereinigung München (New Association of Artists in Munich, NKVM), which became a forum of exhibitions and programming.
In 1913 Marianne Werefkin also exhibited her work with other artists of the Blauer Reiter (Blue Rider) group.
At the outbreak of the First World War, Werefkin and Jawlensky immigrated to Switzerland. By 1918, they had separated and Werefkin moved to Ascona, on Lago Maggiore where she painted many colorful, landscapes in an expressionist style. In 1924 she founded the artist group "Großer Bär.
Marianne von Werefkin died in Ascona in 1938.