Henry Kissinger – Politician, Republican, USA
Henry Kissinger is born as Heinz Alfred Kissinger on 27.05.1923 in Fürth (Bavaria). The Jewish family fled from the Nazis to New York in 1938. In 1943 he obtained American citizenship and was drafted into the military. After his return to the United States in 1947, he studied political science at Harvard, did his doctorate and taught until the early 1970s in Havard.
He began his political career in 1957 as a consultant to Nelson Rockefeller, the governor of New York. After the election of Richard Nixon as US President, he becomes National Security Advisor, in 1973 also Secretary of State.
His term of office (1969 to 1977) is characterized by his “Realpolitik”. It is less oriented towards ideology and focuses on affordability and economic opportunities as an essential feature of foreign and security policy. This meant the settlement with the People’s Republic of China, ending of the Vietnam War, mediation attempts between Israel and the Arab states and limitation of the military spiral. In 1973 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize together with Le Duc Tho, the Foreign Minister of North Vietnam. Kissinger is much criticized for his role in the coup in Chile in 1973 and the invasion of East Timor by Indonesia in 1975.
Henry Kissinger lives in New York today.