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Photograph of Saddam Hussein
Photograph of Saddam Hussein (1937-2006) fifth President of Iraq. Dated 20th Century
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Friday sermon by Abu Bakr El-Baghdadi from Al-Nouri mosque in Mosul / July 4, 2014
Iraq
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Iraq – hotspot in the Middle East
After the fall of the Ottoman Empire, the Kingdom of Iraq emerged from the three provinces of Baghdad, Mosul and Basra in 1920. In the first decades under British control, the king was deposed by a military coup in 1958. By another coup in 1963, the socialist Baath party gains power. In 1979, Saddam Hussein came to power. After his accession to power Iraq experiences grave human rights violations. Saddam Hussein is also aggressive against his neighbors. In 1980, his troops attack Iran in the First Gulf War, and in 1990 he violently invades Kuwait. In 2003, the US is forcibly ending the rule of Saddam Hussein, but can hardly prevent a break-up of Iraq as a state. Civil war-like conflicts between Shiites and Sunnis, the struggles of the Kurds for independence and the emergence of the IS are among these developments. Not to forget the genocide of the Yazidis and the expulsion of Christian minorities.
The focus of our country report is not only the historical development of Iraq, but the everyday life of the population, against the backdrop of decades of political and military confrontation.