October 6th, 1944-February 10th, 1945 - Battle of Hürtgen Forest (World War II)
The Battle of the Hürtgen Forest refers to a series of defensive battles of the German Wehrmacht against advancing US units at the end of World War II. Between October 6th, 1944 and February 10th, 1945 one of the largest field battles of the American troops on German territory took place in the Hürtgen Forest in the Northern Eifel close to the German-Belgian border. The planned breakthrough of the American troops towards the Rhine and Ruhr area did not succeed. This battle, in which Ernest Hemingway and Jerome D. Salinger took part, plays an essential role in American memory culture. There were approximately 70,000 deaths on both sides. After the end of World War II, the two war cemeteries Hürtgen and Vossenack were established.