Jimmy Carter / 39th President of the USA
Jimmy Carter was born on October 1st, 1924, the son of a peanut and cotton farmer in Plains, Georgia. In 1943 he began his studies with the Navy, followed by a career as a naval officer. After the death of his father, he leaves the Navy in 1953 and takes over the family-owned farm. In 1971, the Democrat is elected Governor of Georgia. The staunch Baptist is the first Southern governor to declare that racial segregation is over and that racial discrimination has no place in the future of Georgia. In 1976, the outsider surprisingly wins the presidential election against President Gerald Ford. Successes of his presidency include the Camp David Agreement, the Salt II Treaty with the USSR and the return of the Panama Canal to Panama. The occupation of the American Embassy in Teheran and the taking of embassies by Iranian students are, besides the energy crisis and high inflation in the US, the main reasons why he loses the election in 1980 against Ronald Reagan.
In 2002, he received the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts for peace and respect for human rights.