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Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968) rotates of bicycle. Retort realized from Duchamp in 1951 from the original'Ready realized Made'perduto and to Paris in 1913.
1st Dada Evening
Die Kathedrale, 8 Lithos
Zuban Merz 366
Verlag Der Sturm
Merzbild 46 A. Das Kegelbild
Tu m'
Nu descendant un escalier no. 2
Au premier mot limpide
Dans une ville pleine de mystères et de …
The Enigma of an Autumn Afternoon
Die Leimbereitung aus Knochen
"Melancholy and Mystery of a Street"
The Two Mysteries
The Reckless Sleeper
Love the Perspective
Le récitant
Construire et détruire
The Armoire of Proteus
Salvador Dali / Portrait / Paris, 1934
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From Dada to Surrealism
The atrocities of the First World War left the people of Europe deeply scarred, marking itself as a site of unprecedented historical trauma. What value could art possibly have in the face of such violence, where over 18 million soldiers and civilians lost their lives?

In 1915, the Dadaists, who were originally based in Zurich, though began to flourish in Paris and New York, attempted to negotiate this problem; not through rationality and meaning, but rather through the irrational and nonsensical. Collaging found objects together with text, performance and poetry, the Dada method, perhaps best exemplified by Marcel Duchamp, formed a rebellion against the past zeitgeist of art, culture and values.

Around the same time, writer and artist, André Breton, along with a group of likeminded European artists who rejected rational political engagement, began to come together to form a similar model of counter-cultural artistic production. Hailing themselves as the 'Surrealists', they turned away from the external world, looking instead to the realm of dreams, unconscious thoughts and internal desires.